Numerous complications associated with diabetes, including CVD (cardiovascular disease) and the risk of death, begin with pre-diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association defines pre-diabetes as a borderline glycemia measured by fasting plasma glucose (FPG) of 100-125 mg/dL, 2-h plasma glucose (2hPG) of 140–199 mg/dL, and HbA1c of 5.7–6.4%.
People with pre-diabetes have shown early stages of retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Other disorders typically associated with diabetes have been observed in people with pre-diabetes, such as cardiovascular disease, periodontal disease, cognitive dysfunction, obstructive sleep apnea, metabolic syndrome, fatty liver, and cancer....
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