Home / Resources / Articles / Which Exercise Training Is the Best for Type 2 Diabetes Individuals?

Which Exercise Training Is the Best for Type 2 Diabetes Individuals?

Jul 19, 2013

Both aerobic and resistance training programs can improve the quality of life in type 2 diabetes patients….

The health benefits of aerobic and resistance training in type 2 diabetic patients (HART-D) study was a randomized controlled trial comparing the improvement of quality of life (QOL) in an aerobic training group, a resistance training group, or a combination of both training groups versus a non-exercise control group for 9 months. Short Form-36 Health Survey questionnaires with physical component subscale (PCS) and general health subscale (GH) were used to compare QOL after exercise training among the groups.

Results from the study came from 173 participants with type 2 diabetes. The authors found significant improvement in bodily pain and physical functioning in all three exercise training groups compared to the control group. The resistance training group had the most beneficial changes in bodily pain (P = 0.026), whereas physical functioning was most improved in the aerobic and combined condition groups (P = 0.025 and P = 0.03, respectively). However, there was not a significant difference between the control group and exercise groups in mental health score. The combination of the aerobic and resistance training groups proved to have better mental health scores than the aerobic training groups.

In conclusion, the authors found that combined resistance and aerobic exercise training programs can improve QOL significantly in type 2 diabetic patients.

Myers V, McVay M, Brashear N, et al. Exercise Training and Quality of Life in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes. DiabetesCare 2013;36: 1884-1890