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Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology and Eye Disease in Diabetes: Diabetic eye disease can be devastating, leading to severe vision impairment or blindness. While retinopathy is most common, other problems common to diabetics include glaucoma, macular edema, and cataract. Educating your diabetes patients to get an annual, comprehensive eye exam can help them reduce the risk of these and other eye issues. You’ll find the latest insights to protect your patients here and in our weekly newsletters.

The Association of Ankle-Brachial Index and Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

The difference between low and high ankle-brachial index can be indicator for diabetic retinopathy… Patients with diabetes are at a greater risk for peripheral artery disease caused by atherosclerosis. Previous studies showed that many diabetic patients who received an amputation had peripheral artery disease. The ankle-brachial index is used as …

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Do Supplements Help Diabetes Vision?

Protection of visual function may signal disruption of mechanisms underlying diabetic retinopathy (DR)… This was a 6-month randomized, controlled clinical trial of patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes with no retinopathy or mild to moderate non-proliferative retinopathy assigned to twice-daily consumption of placebo or a novel, multi-component formula …

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Practical Diabetes Care, 3rd Ed., Excerpt #19: Diabetes and the Eye Part 3 of 4

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David Levy, MD, FRCP      Pre-proliferative retinopathy An important diagnosis, as there is a very high risk of progression to proliferative retinopathy and significant visual loss. Pre-proliferative changes are characterized by the following. Multiple (> 5) cotton-wool spots. Multiple large blot hemorrhages. Venous abnormalities: irregularities, beading, looping or reduplication. Intraretinal microvascular abnormalities: …

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Practical Diabetes Care, 3rd Ed., Excerpt #18: Diabetes and the Eye Part 2 of 4

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David Levy, MD, FRCP      Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy Background retinopathy Microaneurysms Small, red, intraretinal lesions usually found at the posterior pole of the eye, around the disc and macula. They occur in areas of capillary non-perfusion and show leakage of fluorescein. It is worthwhile estimating the number of microaneurysms as it has …

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