In part 6 of this Exclusive Interview, Sheri Colberg talks with Diabetes in Control Publisher Steve Freed during the ADA meeting in San Diego, California about the percentage of people with type 2 following some sort of exercise plan and why they aren’t meeting the standards.
Sheri Colberg, PhD, FACSM is Professor Emerita of Exercise Science at Old Dominion University in Virginia and a member of the Diabetes in Control Advisory Board.
Transcript of this video segment:
Steve Freed — Do we have any numbers as to the percentages of people with type 2 diabetes that basically really don’t follow the plan as far as exercise goes? I mean if you had to put a number from your experience, what percentage of people actually do what they need to do when it comes to type 2 diabetes?
Sheri Colberg — From the data I have seen, and it depends on the study, it’s generally less than the population as a whole and the population as a whole, fewer than half of all the adults meet the minimum requirements, so I would guess that it’s probably more in the range the last number I think I saw 38% maybe of those with type 2 but you know it’s not exact science and if you’re following it this month but not next month, where do you fall? That you’re just not doing anything or you just not doing it now? So, I think all of us can benefit from getting more physical activity, though. That’s without a doubt.
Steve Freed — Do we know why people with diabetes aren’t meeting the standards?
Sheri Colberg — I think there are number of barriers that exist for even the average person. You mentioned time constraints. So people have this, “I just don’t have time to exercise.” Well, that’s why I say put it here, put it there. When you break up your sedentary time and a couple studies actually had people doing light resistance training for 3 minutes every 30 minutes when they got up. They were just doing heel raises or toe raises where they were using their own body to lift themselves up. You could fit that in, I’m sure. As far as the other barriers, a lot of them have to do with health. As you know many people with type 2 diabetes in particular have a lot of comorbid health conditions that they are dealing with and so one of the things we did in the position statement, we went through all of these possible things — different cardiovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, neuropathy that’s both peripheral or central, eye disease and so forth, and what are the recommendations if you have those. There are ways to work around practically every one of those so you can exercise safely doing at least something. And so it’s just a matter of finding out what would work for each individual person given the health status.