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Test Your Knowledge

Take a quiz and test your knowledge on diabetes and related health concerns.

High Triglycerides

Which of the following is true regarding the presentation and diagnosis of hypertriglyceridemia?

A. Hypertriglyceridemia is usually asymptomatic until triglyceride levels are greater than 500-900 mg/dL.
B. When triglycerides are elevated, blood glucose and A1c should be checked to rule out uncontrolled diabetes.
C. Second-degree relatives should be screened for hyperlipidemia.
D. The use of oral contraceptives, beta-blockers, and thiazide diuretics have been linked to decreased plasma triglyceride and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels.

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Avoiding Hypoglycemia with MDI

Which of the following is an important consideration when giving a post-meal insulin bolus with the aid of CGM-based trend arrows dosing in order to avoid hypoglycemia in persons using multiple daily insulin therapy?

A. Always consider using the full dose suggested by calculations based on the correction factor and target glucose.
B. Give ~50% of the calculated insulin dose (using the correction factor and target glucose) to adjust for active insulin (insulin on board).
C. Use ~25% of the calculated insulin dose (using the correction factor and target glucose) to adjust for active insulin (insulin on board).
D. Use 75% of the calculated insulin dose (using the correction factor and target glucose) to adjust for active insulin (insulin on board).
E. Another insulin dose should never be given after eating.

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Epidemiology of Hypertriglyceridemia

Which of the following is true regarding the epidemiology of hypertriglyceridemia?

A. Triglyceride levels increase gradually in women until about age 50 years and then decline slightly.
B. Triglyceride levels in men continue to increase with age.
C. Mild hypertriglyceridemia (triglyceride level greater than 150 mg/dL) is slightly more prevalent in women beginning at age 30 years and in men at the age of 60 years.
D. Non-Hispanic black persons often have lower triglyceride levels than white persons.

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Diagnosing Hypertriglyceridemia

Which of the following is true regarding the presentation and diagnosis of hypertriglyceridemia?

A. Hypertriglyceridemia is usually asymptomatic until triglyceride levels are greater than 500-900 mg/dL.
B. When triglycerides are elevated, blood glucose and A1c should be checked to rule out uncontrolled diabetes.
C. Second-degree relatives should be screened for hyperlipidemia.
D. The use of oral contraceptives, beta-blockers, and thiazide diuretics have been linked to decreased plasma triglyceride and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels.

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Hypertriglyceridemia Risk Factors

Hypertriglyceridemia, a condition in which triglyceride levels are elevated, is a common disorder in the United States. It is often caused or exacerbated by untreated diabetes mellitus, obesity, and sedentary habits, and is a risk factor for coronary artery disease. Additional risk factors for hypertriglyceridemia include diet, stress, physical inactivity, and smoking. More than 25% of US adults have elevated triglycerides.

Which of the following is true regarding the epidemiology of hypertriglyceridemia?

A. Triglyceride levels increase gradually in women until about age 50 years and then decline slightly.
B. Triglyceride levels in men continue to increase with age.
C. Mild hypertriglyceridemia (triglyceride level > 150 mg/dL) is slightly more prevalent in women beginning at age 30 years and in men starting at age 60 years.
D. People who are African American often have lower triglyceride levels than people who are Caucasian.

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SGLT-2 Side Effects

Which is not a side effect of SGLT-2 Inhibitors?

A. Kidney failure
B. Hyperkalemia
C. Ketoacidosis
D. Hypertension
E. Increased cholesterol levels
F. Serious urinary tract infections
G. Increased bladder cancer risk
H. Serious allergic reactions

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CGM Evaluation

What is most important when evaluating CGM?

A. Accurately evaluating glucose levels in the hypoglycemic range
B. Considering mean absolute relative differences in blood glucose (blood versus CGM value)
C. Considering patient-reported outcomes (positive experience and preference to or not to include CGM in their daily lives)
D. All of the above

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