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International Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus, 4th Ed., Excerpt #92: Lipid and Lipoprotein Metabolism, Hypolipidemic Agents, and Therapeutic Goals Part 4

Therapeutic approaches to the dyslipidemia of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus -- Key points: The rationale for treating the diabetic dyslipidemia is clear, it is associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events.Weight loss, exercise, and diet modifications are key to successful treatment of all of the lipid abnormalities in patients with T2DM. Statins are the mainstay of therapy—they lower LDL cholesterol up to 50%, lower triglycerides about 15–25%, and have minimal effects of HDL cholesterol levels.

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Antihyperglycemic Medications for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Test Your Knowledge

The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) list a hierarchy of usage for antihyperglycemic medications after metformin. Which one of the following lists shows the correct hierarchy, beginning with the most preferred? A. A Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs), sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, thiazolidinediones (TZDs), basal insulins B. SGLT-2 inhibitors, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 RAs, TZDs, basal insulins C. TZDs, GLP-1 RAs, SGLT-2 inhibitors, DPP-4 inhibitors, basal insulins D. GLP-1 RAs, SGLT-2 inhibitors, basal insulins, DPP-4 inhibitors, TZDs Follow the link to see the right answer.

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Current Interview: Todd Hobbs

Dr. Todd Hobbs is Vice President and Chief Medical Officer for Novo Nordisk in North America, where he leads the organization’s focus on the implications of diabetes for the patient, healthcare system, and healthcare professionals. He provides overall medical guidance to Novo Nordisk’s diabetes and obesity-related projects. Prior to working at Novo Nordisk, Dr. Hobbs had established a clinical practice based in Louisville, Kentucky, focusing on the intensive management of patients with diabetes of all ages, and served as chairman of the medicine department for a large regional medical center in Kentucky. During this 10year clinical career, he cared for more than 2,500 adults and children with diabetes, including outpatient and inpatient care, as well as intensive care.

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