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Aiming for an Ideal Exercise Blood Glucose

Dr. Sheri Colberg on Avoid Weight Gain from Insulin Use and Treating Lows

By Sheri R. Colberg, PhD, FACSM

There is no official ideal blood glucose range to start with and maintain during physical activity, but we do know that being too low negatively impacts performance, as does being too high. As for what blood glucose target or range most athletes aim for, it depends on a number of factors, including the type, intensity, and duration of their activity. A consensus statement about exercise and type 1 diabetes published in The Lancet in 2017 suggested that a reasonable target for most people doing aerobic exercise lasting up to an hour is 126 to 180 mg/dL (7.0 to 10.0 mmol/L), only aiming higher for added protection against lows in some situations.

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Catherine Champagne 2018 Complete Interview

Catherine M. Champagne, PhD, RDN, LDN, FADA, FAND, FTOS  is a professor at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center at Louisiana State University. Dr. Champagne's research areas currently concentrate in studies which include dietary counseling and/or dietary intake assessment of subjects. She directs the Nutrient Database activities for the Center. She is also coordinator of the Women’s Nutrition Research Program at Pennington, a research, education, and outreach program specifically targeted to women.

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International Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus, 4th Ed., Excerpt #166: Molecular Genetics of Type 1 Diabetes Part 3

Other HLA-encoded susceptibility determinants: The DR and DQ genes cannot completely explain the association between T1DM and the HLA gene region. Teasing out the contribution of other HLA loci, however, is complicated by the high level of linkage disequilibrium within the region, combined with the strong effects of DR and DQ. A number of different approaches have been employed to address this issue, including the analysis of case/control data matched for specific DR-DQ combinations, investigation of the transmission to affected and unaffected offspring of heterozygous markers from parents homozygous for DR-DQ alleles, conditional logistic regression and conditional haplotype analysis.

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