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Postchallenge Glucose Rises with Age Even When Glucose Tolerance is Normal

One-hour OGTT glucose concentrations rise significantly with age even in subjects with NGT. Ageing increases the likelihood of developing diabetes, with associated cardiovascular disease. In a cross-sectional study, we sought to determine whether age is associated with an increase in glucose concentrations 1 h after an oral glucose challenge (1-h OGTT), even when glucose tolerance is normal (NGT).

Among subjects in the NHANES II database, 2591 subjects with NGT and documented 1-h OGTT glucose concentrations were studied. The relationship between age and 1-h OGTT glucose concentrations was assessed in a multivariable linear regression analysis.

The results showed that In a multivariable linear regression analysis, each 10-year increase in age conferred an additional 0.20 mmol/l increase in the 1-h OGTT glucose (P < 0.0001). Moreover, an interaction between age and gender was found such that 1-h OGTT glucose concentrations rose more rapidly with increasing age in men than in women. The impact of age on 1-h OGTT glucose was independent of both fasting and 2-h OGTT glucose concentrations.

From the results it was concluded that one-hour OGTT glucose concentrations rise significantly with age even in subjects with NGT. Further investigation is warranted to explore the pathophysiological significance of such age-related impairment of glucose handling, which might increase the risk of cardiovascular disease even when patients do not meet criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes or prediabetes.

Diabet. Med. 23, 1174–1179 (2006)

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