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Issue 92 Item 4 Recommendations for the Treatment and Prevention of Diabetes and

Increased intake of whole grain food was associated with significant reductions in the incidence of type 2 diabetes Whole grains/fiber
Recent studies have provided preliminary evidence for reduced risk of diabetes with increased intake of whole grains and dietary fiber (27,696,697). In both the Nurses’ Health Study (27) and the Iowa Women’s Health Study (697), increased intake of whole grain food was associated with significant reductions in incidence of type 2 diabetes. A higher glycemic load, calculated and applied to food frequency data, was related to increased incidence of diabetes in men (118) and women (119). The glycemic load is defined as the product of the glycemic index value of a food and its carbohydrate content in an average serving. It incorporates both the quality and quantity of carbohydrate consumed. However, glycemic load or glycemic index was not related to diabetes incidence in the Iowa Women’s Health Study (697). Diabetes Care 25:148-198, 2002