The study in The Journal of Nutrition also saw a reduction risk for women by 7%. Danish researchers analyzed data from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health study for 55,465 adults. Cecilie Kyrø, MSc, PhD, from the Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues wrote, “Whole grains and cereal fiber may offer protective effects on type 2 diabetes risk.” They analyzed data from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort to examine how whole grain intake affects the risk of type 2 diabetes. A total of 55,465 adults ages 50 and 65 years were included in the study and completed a food-frequency questionnaire on total whole grain intake, including different cereal products and types. The researchers found that each whole grain serving of 16 g per day lowered the risk for type 2 diabetes by 11% among men (HR = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.87-0.91) and by 7% among women (HR = 0.93; 95% CI, 0.91-0.96). The highest consumption of whole grains (50.8 g or more per day) was associated with a 34% lower risk for type 2 diabetes among men and a 22% lower risk among women, compared with the lowest whole grain consumption. The final result of the study showed that there are consistent associations between high whole-grain intake and lower risk of type 2 diabetes, plus an association was found for all different cereals and whole-grain products that were tested. — Journal of Nutrition July 17, 2018