In a recent study, researchers found that men who report greater rather than less satisfaction with life are less likely to have type 2 diabetes, but the relationship does not hold for women. In Munich, Germany, at the Helmholtz, Research Centre for Environmental Health, they evaluated data from two population-based surveys (MONICA and KORA) conducted from 1989 to 1995 from 7,107 adults (51.5%; mean age, 47.8 years) to determine associations between life satisfaction and incident type 2 diabetes. Participants were followed until 2009. At baseline, 26.9% of men and 25.3% of women reported a high-level of life satisfaction. They were followed for 14 years and 568 patients with type 2 diabetes were identified. The risk for type 2 diabetes was 22% lower in men with high life satisfaction compared with men with medium or low life satisfaction (HR = 0.78; 95% CI, 0.6-1). The risk was further reduced (28% lower) in men with high life satisfaction compared with men with medium or low life satisfaction after adjustment for age, survey, parental history of diabetes, smoking status, alcohol intake, physical activity, BMI, hypertension and dyslipidemia; however, after adjustment for depressed mood, the association was no longer significant. No significant associations were observed between high life satisfaction and incident type 2 diabetes in women. “The findings suggest that life satisfaction has a protective role in the development of type 2 diabetes, independently of common risk factors, and call for increased consideration of psychological well-being,” researchers said. It was concluded that the assessment of life satisfaction may be considered in the prediction of type 2 diabetes risk in men, and positive psychological well-being interventions may be targeted in individuals at high-risk as preventive measures. — Piciu AM, et al. Diabet Med. 2017;doi:10.1111/dme.13574.