People who experience psychological distress in childhood, later in life, or consistently over time face elevated risk of diabetes, heart disease or stroke in adulthood. Researchers followed over 6,700 people from age 7 to 42, then checked markers of health at age 45. Risks were highest for those who consistently experienced mental stress, but even those who experienced stress only as adults or only as children faced higher risks. The most striking and perhaps sobering finding in our study is that high levels of childhood distress predicted heightened adult disease risk, even when there was no evidence that these high levels of distress persisted into adulthood.  Sept. 28, 2015, Journal of the American College of Cardiology