Sign up for our complimentary
weekly e-journal

Main Newsletter
Mastery Series
Therapy Series
 
Bookmark and Share | Print Article | Items for the Week Previous | All Articles This Week | Next
This article originally posted 25 October, 2013 and appeared in  DietMedicationType 2 DiabetesPrediabetesIssue 700

High Magnesium Intake May Offset Risk of Developing Diabetes

Magnesium intake may be particularly beneficial in offsetting risk of developing diabetes among those at high risk....
Advertisement

In this study, Hurby et al examined 7-yr associations between magnesium intake and the incidence of prediabetes and/or insulin resistance, and progression from these states to type 2 diabetes. A total of 2,582 participants ages 26–81 years old at baseline were selected. Magnesium intake and risk of metabolic impairment, defined as impaired fasting glucose (≥5.6–<7.0 mmol/L), impaired glucose tolerance (2-hr postload glucose ≥7.8–<11.1 mmol/L), insulin resistance, or hyperinsulinemia (≥90th percentile of HOMA-IR or fasting insulin, respectively), was estimated among those with normal baseline status. The risk of incident diabetes was estimated among those with baseline metabolic impairment. In participants without incident diabetes, the authors examined magnesium intake in relation to 7-yr changes in fasting and postload glucose and insulin, insulin resistance, and insulin sensitivity.

After adjusting for age, sex, and energy intake, compared to those with the lowest magnesium intake, those with the highest intake had 37% lower risk of incident metabolic impairment. For those with baseline metabolic impairment, higher intake was associated with a 32% lower risk of incident diabetes. In the combined population, the risk in those with the highest intake was 53% compared to those with the lowest intake of magnesium. Adjusting for risk factors and dietary fiber attenuated associations in the baseline normal population, but did not substantially affect associations in the metabolically impaired.

Higher magnesium intake tended to associate with lower follow-up fasting glucose and IR, but not fasting insulin, postload values, or insulin sensitivity. As a result, the authors concluded that magnesium intake may be particularly beneficial in offsetting risk of developing diabetes among those at high risk.

Practice Pearls:
  • Magnesium intake may be particularly beneficial in offsetting risk of developing diabetes among those at high risk.
  • Those with the highest intake had 37% lower risk of incident metabolic impairment.

Diabetes Care, October 2013 

Advertisement


 

Bookmark and Share | Print | Category | Home

This article originally posted 25 October, 2013 and appeared in  DietMedicationType 2 DiabetesPrediabetesIssue 700

Past five issues: Diabetes Clinical Mastery Series Issue 198 | Issue 738 | Diabetes Clinical Mastery Series Issue 197 | Issue 737 | Diabetes Clinical Mastery Series Issue 196 |

2014 Most Popular Articles:

U.S. FDA Approves Inhaled Insulin: What Medical Professionals Need to Know
Posted July 04, 2014
Newly Updated: Comprehensive List of Insulins
Posted June 30, 2014
ADA: Lantus Losing Its Superiority to Newer Treatments
Posted June 20, 2014
Can Insulin Treatment Do More Harm Than Good for Older Type 2's?
Posted July 04, 2014
ADA: Another Inhaled Insulin Treatment for Type 1 and 2 Diabetes May Be Coming Soon
Posted June 26, 2014
ADA: New HbA1c Target of 7.5% for Type 1 Children and Older Adults
Posted June 20, 2014
ADA: The Bionic Pancreas
Posted June 26, 2014
Too Much Medication for Elderly Diabetes Patients?
Posted July 11, 2014
Effects of Diabetes and Obesity on Normal Flora
Posted July 04, 2014
Which Is Better for BG Control: Aerobic or Anaerobic Exercise?
Posted July 11, 2014


Browse by Feature Writer & Article Category.
A. Lee Dellon, MD | Aaron I. Vinik, MD, PhD, FCP, MACP | Beverly Price | Charles W Martin, DD | Derek Lowe, PhD | Dr. Bernstein | Dr. Brian Jakes, Jr. | Dr. Fred Pescatore | Dr. Tom Burke, Ph.D | Eric S. Freedland | Evan D. Rosen | Ginger Kanzer-Lewis | Greg Milliger | Kristina Sandstedt | Laura Plunkett | Leonard Lipson, M.A. | Louis H. Philipson | Maria Emanuel Ryan, DDS, PhD | Marilyn Porter, RD, CDE | Melissa Diane Smith | Michael R. Cohen, RPh, MS, ScD, FASHP | Paul Chous, M.A., OD | Philip A. Wood PhD | R. Keith Campbell, Professor, B.Pharm, MBA, CDE | Sheri R. Colberg PhD | Sherri Shafer | Stanley Schwartz, MD, FACP, FACE | Steve Pohlit | Steven V. Edelman, M.D. | Timothy S. Hollingshead |
Cast Your Vote
Do you offer group education sessions in your practice?
CME/CE of the Week
Hope Warshaw, MMSc, RD, CDE

Category: Nutrition
Credits: 1.25
Search Articles On Diabetes In Control