The tattoo studio should be licensed and/or accredited. The patients can also research the company's reputation, and hygiene and safety practices.
Safety and awareness
The tattooist should be informed of the patient's diabetes so they can tailor both the procedure and aftercare information.
Certain areas should be avoided including those with poor circulation, such as:
- Common insulin injection sites such as arms, abdomen and thighs.
Tattoos in these places usually take longer to heal, which can lead to complications (e.g. infection).
- Allergic reactions - reaction to the substances used in the inks and equipment.
- Skin infection - the tattooed area of skin may become infected if the studio and/or tattoo equipment is not clean or proper aftercare is not applied.
- Scarring - tattoo application can cause the formation of an oversized scar known as a keloid, which can be irritable and slightly painful.
- Blood-borne diseases - if the tattoo needle or ink has not been sterilized, there is a risk of blood-borne illnesses such as HIV and Hepatitis B or C.
- Wound healing - abnormally high levels of blood glucose could delay healing of the tattooed skin and increase the risk of infection.
If the patient feels unwell or sees any sign of infection after the tattoo has been completed, they should seek immediate help from their doctor or diabetes healthcare team.
Nanotechnology tattoos and diabetes – what the future holds
In the near future, tattoos could provide an easier, quicker and more accurate way for people with diabetes to track and control their blood glucose levels.
Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Draper Laboratory, U.S., have been developing a skin-borne continuous blood glucose monitor that consists of a 'tattoo' of tiny particles of nanotechnology ink that are sensitive to glucose concentrations.
The ink is injected below the skin and is designed to fluoresce when it encounters glucose. A wristwatch-like device worn over the nano-tattoo would be used to detect and measure the amount of fluorescence, and thus monitor glucose concentrations in the blood. Constant blood glucose readings would then be sent to the patient, which would hopefully lead to better glycemic control.
If successful in clinical trials, the researchers say such technology could revolutionize glucose monitoring.
Examples of Diabetes Tattoos