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Giving Children Antibiotics May Cause Obesity and Diabetes

Giving children common antibiotics may cause obesity by altering bacteria in their gut, according to new research. A study mimicking use of the drugs in babies found mouse pups put on weight and developed bigger bones. The make-up of trillions of bugs in their intestinal tract, known as the microbiome and vital for a healthy immune system, also altered. The findings follow an analysis last year of more than 64,500 youngsters that found those receiving antibiotics at least four times before the age of two were more likely to be obese by the time they were five. Nature Communications June 2015