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Fried Food and Risk for Gestational Diabetes

Frequent consumption of fried foods pre-pregnancy increases a woman’s risk for gestational diabetes…

Gestational diabetes mellitus is not just a short-term perinatal outcome, but also long-term health complications in both the mothers and baby. The significance of diet and lifestyle is important in the prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnancy. Diet interventions during pregnancy represent an opportunity to minimize excessive weight gain. In fried foods, there’s a loss of unsaturated fatty acids and an increase in trans-fatty acids, which related to diabetes risk.

The research included 21,079 pregnancies in 15,207 women, who participated in the Nurse’s Health Study II, a prospective cohort study of 116,671 US nurses aged 25-44 years. Participants have completed a questionnaire about lifestyle behavior and diet, including fried-food intake at home and away from home.
As the results, women who ate fried foods one to three times weekly, the risk ratio for gestational diabetes is 1.13 compared to women who ate fried foods less than once a week. For women who ate fried foods four to six times per week, the risk ratio was 1.31 and 2.18 for seven or more times a week. The body mass index: the risk ratio were 1.06, 1.14,1.8 for those who ate fried foods 1-3, 4-6, 7 or more a week, respectively compared to those who ate fried foods less than once a week (P=0.01).

Consuming of fried foods before becoming pregnant increase a woman’s risk for gestational diabetes and even when more when eaten away from home. Since when the oils are reused, the oils deteriorated even more, which is common among restaurants. More studies are still need to be done to explain the underlying mechanisms.
Practice Pearls:

  • Diet and lifestyle are important in the prevention of gestational diabetes.
  • Fried foods consume away from home have a higher risk than consumed at home.
  • More studies need to be done for a completed dietary guideline for pregnant women.

Bao, W. Tobias, D. “Diet during Pregnancy and gestational weight gain”. Springer Science. 3 July 2014. Doi 10.1007/s13668-014-0092-4
“http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13668-014-0092-4/fulltext.html”