Increased insulin and glucose levels in the child are indicators of diabetes and metabolic syndrome risk. Earlier studies have found that glucose supply to tissues is reduced in the fetus if the mother does not consume enough food during pregnancy. This would cause reduced fetal growth. This mechanism is known as Barker’s thrifty phenotype hypothesis.
A new study showed that pregnant women who consume adequate energy quantities have children who are born with normal weight of around 3.3 kilograms to 3.5 kilograms. Those women who do not have a proper diet during pregnancy may have children born with a diabetogenic profile. This indicates high levels of serum glucose and insulin as well as a marker of insulin resistance. The researchers hypothesize that diet has an influence on fetal pancreas development and thus glucose and insulin concentration of the child at birth.
- Improper diet can cause child to be born with diabetogenic profile.
- Reduced glucose supply to tissue from not enough food.
- Increased insulin and glucose levels are indicators of diabetes and metabolic syndrome risk.
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Oct, 2013