Could Skipping Breakfast Cost Your Patient with Type 2 Diabetes Their Cardiovascular Health?
May 30, 2020
Editor: David L. Joffe, BSPharm, CDE, FACA
Author: Mia Flowers, PharmD. Candidate of Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University School of Pharmacy
People with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of developing arterial stiffness—a complication of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which are one of the most common mortalities in these patients. Arterial stiffness is often evaluated by the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), which can assist in the evaluation of atherosclerotic severity as well as predict and prevent CVD in this patient population. In past cross-sectional studies, researchers found a correlation between inadequate sleep hygiene, inactivity, or low amounts of exercise, and the development of arterial stiffness in people with type 2 diabetes. Other studies identified the common atherosclerotic risk factors as causing an increase in arterial stiffness. Lifestyle modifications were evaluated in this study to understand better how depression, exercise, energy, sleep, and diets involving late-night dinners and lack of breakfast play a role in the development of atherosclerosis. Fluctuating hormones and diminishing cardiovascular health can be controlled by lifestyle modifications that can also potentially lead to arterial stiffness. In the general population, skipping breakfast increases weight, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, and the risk of atherosclerosis leading to cardiovascular events and cerebrovascular accidents. Lifestyle habits can provoke and/or prevent all these stipulations. This study aims to expound upon the risk of atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes who skip out on their most important meal of the day....
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