Home / Conditions / MODY/LADA (page 3)

MODY/LADA

Handbook of Diabetes, 4th Edition, Excerpt #2: Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes

handbook-of-diabetes-image

Rudy Bilous MD, FRCP Richard Donnelly MD, PHD, FRCP, FRACP   Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed by identifying chronic hyperglycemia. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) have used a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) of 126mg/dL.(7 mmol/L) or higher to define diabetes (Table 3.1 ). This originated from epidemiological …

Read More »

Diabetic Emergencies, Diagnosis and Clinical Management: Hyperosmolar Non-ketotic Hyperglycemia, Part 4

Diabetic_Emergencies

Konstantinos Makrilakis, MD, PhD Nikolaos Katsilambros, MD, PhD.  Avoidance of complications Hypoglycemia and hypokalemia are the two most common complications of treatment of hyperglycemic crises with insulin. They have both been reduced significantly, however, with the administration of low-dose insulin and careful monitoring and replacement of serum potassium. 27,28 Frequent …

Read More »

Diabetic Emergencies, Diagnosis and Clinical Management: Hyperosmolar Non-ketotic Hyperglycemia, Part 3

Diabetic_Emergencies

Konstantinos Makrilakis, MD, PhD Nikolaos Katsilambros, MD, PhD.  Clinical management The management of HHS is similar to that of DKA. It includes correction of the fluid and electrolyte abnormalities that are typically present and administration of insulin. 1,3,15 Therapy should also aim at simultaneous identification and treatment of the precipitating …

Read More »