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Practical Diabetes Care, 3rd Ed., Excerpt #6: Type 2 Diabetes: General Introduction

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David Levy, MD, FRCP Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes as a Progressive Condition Glycemia in type 2 diabetes progressively deteriorates with time, usually thought to be related to progressive beta-cell failure. This was demonstrated dramatically in the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS 1998), but the glycemic trends have been less marked …

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Gestational Weight Gain Associated with Infant Birth Weight in Type 1 Diabetes Mothers

  Maternal weight gain is key to controlling infant birth weight…. Infants born to mothers with pregestational diabetes are more likely to experience adverse outcomes, especially an increased birth weight. Previous studies have shown the importance of strict maternal glycemic control to prevent fetal hyperinsulinemia and accelerated growth. Excessive gestational …

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Handbook of Diabetes, 4th Edition, Excerpt #2: Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes

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Rudy Bilous MD, FRCP Richard Donnelly MD, PHD, FRCP, FRACP   Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed by identifying chronic hyperglycemia. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) have used a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) of 126mg/dL.(7 mmol/L) or higher to define diabetes (Table 3.1 ). This originated from epidemiological …

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