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CKD Burden in the United States

Feb 16, 2019
 

From 2002 to 2016, US deaths from chronic kidney disease (CKD) increased by  how much?

Correct

Answer: E. 58%

Explanation: Data from the 2016 Global Burden of Disease study indicate that deaths resulting from CKD rose by 58.3%, from 52,127 deaths in 2002 to 82,539 in 2016, whereas CKD disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) increased by ~53%. The burden of CKD increased in all US states, but particularly in southern states. Louisiana and Mississippi had the greatest increases in both DALYs and CKD death rates. The growing burden of CKD has been attributed to several variables, including increased exposure to metabolic and dietary risk factors, aging, and overall population growth. At the end of 2009, more than 871,000 people were being treated for ESRD.  Between 1980 and 2009, the prevalent rate for ESRD increased nearly 600 percent, from 290 to 1,738 cases per million.  The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the U.S. increased by half over the past 15 years, largely due to the prevalence of risk factors such as having excess weight or obesity and high blood pressure.  

Incorrect