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Production Assistant, Diabetes In Control

International Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus, 4th Ed., Excerpt #11: Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Part 5 of 5

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In industrialized countries, 20–40% of T1DM patients younger than 20 years present with diabetic ketoacidosis. After adjusting for age, gender, ethnicity, diabetes type, and family history of diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis was associated with lower family income, less desirable health insurance coverage, and lower parental education. Younger children present with more severe symptoms at diagnosis, because children younger than 7 years old have lost on average 80% of the islets, compared to 60% in those 7–14 years old and 40% in those older than 14 years.

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February 13, 2016

Last week, I had a little blurb about the Dubai Tour and Team Novo Nordisk. Eight riders, all with type 1 diabetes, headed to the United Arab Emirates for their first Tour de France quality race of the year. Team veteran Javier Megias was Team Novo Nordisk’s best-placed rider, finishing ...

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Create Safe Environment for Your Patients to Tell You the Truth

Young woman with diabetes holding in her hands the insulin pump and no t-shirts

A teenage type 1 on an insulin pump was seen in our office for follow up. The download on her pump revealed some interesting numbers. First off, her glucose levels were out of target range and secondly her I:CHO ratio and her insulin sensitivity looked more like the numbers of a type 2 diabetic vs a type 1. Her I:CHO was 1:16 and her insulin sensitivity was 1:30. In my experience, I'm used to seeing a lower I:CHO and a higher insulin sensitivity in type 1 vs type 2.

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International Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus, 4th Ed., Excerpt #10: Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Part 4 of 5

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Twin and family studies indicate that genetic factors alone cannot explain the etiology of T1DM. Seasonality, increasing incidence and epidemics of T1DM as well as numerous ecological, cross-sectional and retrospective studies suggest a critical role of environmental factors, such as infections with certain viruses (especially enteric infections in early life) and effects of early childhood diet. Natural history studies that follow children at increased risk of T1DM provide the best opportunity to study environmental triggers.

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Treating Diabetes

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What is the most important aspect in treating diabetes -- lowering blood sugars or protecting the heart? Follow the link to respond!

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Question #819

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(Continued from Question #816, Question #817 and Question #818 ) Mrs. O’Doole is a 34-year-old of Irish descent. She works as a florist and is married with three children. She arrives at your clinic for her annual wellness exam. Her blood pressure is 130/84 mmHg, pulse 65, BMI 24 kg/m2 and her physical exam is notable for acne and mild hirsutism. Her only current medication is oral birth control pills. She recalls starting OCP, 15 years prior, due to irregular menses. Based upon her medical history and physical, you believe it would be prudent to screen Mrs. O’Doole for type 2 diabetes. You discuss your recommendations with her and she agrees to be tested. The lab returns a fasting plasma glucose (FBG) of 112 mg/dL. You share these results with your patient and inform her that while only mildly elevated, she has impaired fasting glucose. She was started on lifestyle modifications plus dietary modifications, and exercise for weight loss. At a follow-up appointment 6 months later, Mrs. O’Doole tells you despite good intentions, she has not been able to adhere to any meaningful lifestyle changes, in fact she has gained 5 pounds. At this time, her repeat fasting plasma glucose shows FPG 138 mg/dL. After discussing management options with her, you decide the best management would be metformin and lifestyle modifications. You discuss the benefits of lifestyle changes with Mrs. O’Doole and tell her that you are referring her to an exercise program specifically for individuals with type 2 diabetes. What schedule of exercise is recommended for patients like Mrs. O’Doole? Follow the link to answer!

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