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Production Assistant, Diabetes In Control

Epidemiology of Hypertriglyceridemia

Which of the following is true regarding the epidemiology of hypertriglyceridemia?

A. Triglyceride levels increase gradually in women until about age 50 years and then decline slightly.
B. Triglyceride levels in men continue to increase with age.
C. Mild hypertriglyceridemia (triglyceride level greater than 150 mg/dL) is slightly more prevalent in women beginning at age 30 years and in men at the age of 60 years.
D. Non-Hispanic black persons often have lower triglyceride levels than white persons.

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Diabetes Education Techniques

From your experience, which is the best way to educate your patients who have type 2 diabetes and do not take insulin?

- Individual personal classes
- Group classes
- Online classes
- Recommend a book
- Brochures and pamphlets

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International Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus, 4th Ed., Excerpt #148: Glucose Toxicity Part 4

The hexosamine/O-linked N-acetyl glucosamine pathway: One metabolic fate of glucose is the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP), and high flux through this pathway, such as occurs in diabetes or overnutrition, has been convincingly linked to insulin resistance and beta-cell failure. In this pathway a relatively small fraction of cellular glucose flux—a few percent in most tissues—is converted to UDP-N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) and other amino sugars. The rate limiting step is catalyzed by the enzyme glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (GFA) that catalyzes the synthesis of glucosamine-6-P from fructose-6-P and glutamine.

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