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This article originally posted 05 May, 2010 and appeared in  Issue 520

Test Your Knowledge Answer #520

Correct Answer = 4
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The hormone amylin is made in the beta cells of the pancreas and helps regulate glucose levels by decreasing glucose release from the liver and slowing gastric emptying. A synthetic version of the natural hormone amylin is made by Amylin Pharmaceuticals and is called Symlin (pramlintide).

GLP-1 is a natural hormone called an incretin, made in the small intestine and helps regulate glucose by decreasing glucose release from the liver, increasing first phase insulin release from the pancreas, decreasing gastric emptying, and improving satiety. A synthetic compound that mimics GLP-1, made Amylin Pharmaceuticals and marketed by Amylin and Lilly, is called Byetta (exenatide). 

Insulin is made in the beta cells of the pancreas. There are various synthetic versions of insulin. Some of these are exactly the same as human insulin and others are synthetic analogs of human insulin and feature altered absorption and activity levels. These products are made by multiple manufacturers.

Copyright © 2012 Diabetes In Control, Inc.

Test Your Knowledge Question #519

A 19-year-old male college freshman who has had Type 1 diabetes for 2 years....

 

Test Your Knowledge Question #521

A patient calls and says that they do "double red cell" donation...

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This article originally posted 05 May, 2010 and appeared in  Issue 520

Past five issues: Diabetes Clinical Mastery Series Issue 198 | Issue 738 | Diabetes Clinical Mastery Series Issue 197 | Issue 737 | Diabetes Clinical Mastery Series Issue 196 |

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