In a 4-year longitudinal study, a retrospective analysis was conducted among subjects who participated in comprehensive health check-ups annually for 5 years. Then, a total of 9723 subjects were classified into 12 categories based on the baseline HbA1c level.
The results showed that during 4 years, 601 of the 9723 subjects (6.2%) developed diabetes. Based on ROC analysis, an HbA1c of 5.7% gave an optimal sensitivity of 62% and specificity of 85% to predict diabetes.
The point showing a substantial difference in the Kaplan-Meier curves was an HbA1c of 5.7%. The incidence of diabetes was 20.8% among subjects with a baseline HbA1c of 5.7-6.4%. The hazard ratio of developing diabetes was 6.5 (95% CI, 3.7–10.2) in the subjects with an HbA1c of 5.7% compared with the bottom category of HbA1c (<5.0%).
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 08/16/2011
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