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Absent Fitness Gain, Exercise Still Helps Diabetics Control Blood Sugar

A secondary analysis of participants in an exercise-in-diabetes trial found that between those whose fitness did and didn’t improve, there was an almost identical decrease in HbA1C levels in the blood, about 0.26 percentage points. Both groups also succeeded in shrinking their waistlines and lowering body fat percentage, although fitness responders proved slightly more successful in these categories than non-responders. On average, responders were able to trim 2.6 cm (95% CI -3.7 to -1.5) from their waistlines, while non-responders decreased their waist circumferences by an average of 1.8 cm (95% CI -2.6 to -1.0). Diabetes Care 2015